A record 407 businesses achieved a 100% rating in the Human Rights Campaign Foundation’s Corporate Equality Index (CEI). The three main criteria are: having sexual orientation and gender identity non-discrimination protections in the US and for global operations; ensuring their US contractors abide by those policies; and implementing prohibitions against non-religious organizations that have written discriminatory policies.
Of the entire CEI universe of businesses:
93% offer explicit gender identity non-discrimination protections in the US, as do 75% of the Fortune 500;
60% offer transgender-inclusive health care coverage, up from none in 2002 and nearly 6 times as many businesses as 5 years ago, as do 40% of the Fortune 500;
80%-plus offer education and training programs that specifically include definitions or scenarios on gender identity in the workplace; and,
More than 300 major businesses have adopted gender transition guidelines for employees and their teams.
A study by the National Women’s Law Center finds that, in the US, women earn 79 cents for every dollar men make on average, though it varies by state from Washington D.C. (10% gender pay gap) to Louisiana (35% gap). The gap is wider for black and Hispanic women. Some states do more to address pay gap by banning retaliation for workers comparing wages, others make it easier to sue over pay, and California has equal pay for “substantially similar” work.
Research shows that 33% of the wage gap is likely due to unconscious gender bias and, according to online job marketplace Glassdoor, 54% of it is due to women and men working in positions with different levels of wages.
In 2014, only 17.1 percent of people with a disability were employed, compared to 64.6 percent of those without a disability. A proposed EEOC rule would require federal agencies to achieve a 12% representation for people with disabilities. Since an Executive Order in 2010, the federal government hired 250,000 people with disabilities, far exceeding the 100,000 goal.
Women occupy more management positions in education and social services, healthcare and hospitality. They are less than 20% in technology, transportation, construction and real estate, and mining and quarrying.